[Kovove materialy - Metallic materials]
    Mon - January 25, 2021 - 15:17 No. of hits : 1227842 ISSN 1338-4252 (online) ISSN 0023-432X (printed)
© Institute of Materials and Machine Mechanics, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava, Slovak Republic

VOLUME 58 (2020), Issue 1

Crystal growth and characterization of (DyxLa1–x)2Ti2O7 crystals
vol. 58 (2020), no. 1, pp. 59 - 70

LaTiO3.5 crystals were grown by optical floating zone technique in air, O2 or Ar. Crystal structure varies between orthorhombic Pna21 (air, O2) and monoclinic P21 (Ar). Crystals are transparent (air, O2) or opaque (Ar) with amber or black colour. Magnetization resembles properties of LaTiO3.5. (DyxLa1–x)2Ti2O7 crystals were grown in O2. The solubility of dopant (La or Dy) in the parent compound is limited. Two phases with Pna21 and Fd¯3m structure coexist in the range from x = 0.32 to 0.68. The a-axis of Pna21 is intact by substitution of La3+ by Dy3+; both b- and c-axis decreases. The a-axis of Fd¯3m increases with substitution of Dy3+ by La3+ and the spin freezing temperature Tf shifts to higher temperature. Either of new magnetic phase (Pna21 structure) or dynamical behaviour of spins in Fd¯3m phase exists below x = 0.68 in the range between transition to ‘spin ice’ state Ti and Tf.

Key words
optical floating zone, single crystals, crystal structure, ferroelectrics, spin ice

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Full title of this journal is bilingual: Kovové materiály - Metallic Materials.
The official abbreviation in accordance with JCR ISI is Kovove Mater.

Article abstracts updated: 2021-01-15 08:18      
Articles in press revised: 2020-10-30 12:09     
Full text pdf uploaded: 2020-11-09 13:07    
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