|Grain refinement of cast peritectic TiAl-based alloy by solid-state phase transformations|
KAMYSHNYKOVA, K., LAPIN, J.
vol. 56 (2018), no. 5, pp. 277 - 287
The effect of solid-state phase transformations on grain refinement of cast peritectic TiAl-based alloy with nominal composition Ti-47Al-5Nb-0.2B-0.2C (at.%) has been investigated. Three multi-stage heat treatment routes consisting of pretreatment in single α phase field followed by air, oil or water cooling and subsequent annealing in α + γ or single α fields were applied to refine grain structure of the alloy. The microstructure of the as-cast samples consists of coarse fully lamellar α2(Ti3Al) + γ(TiAl) grains with a grain size of 1310 µm. The annealing of the pretreated samples consisting of massive γM and fine lamellar α2 + γ grains in the α + γ phase field leads to the formation of a duplex type of microstructure composed of lamellar α2 + γ and single γ phase grains with a grain size ranging from 14 to 22 µm. The solution annealing in the single α phase field of the pretreated samples aged in the α + γ phase field leads to the formation of fully lamellar α2 + γ grains with a grain size ranging from 395 to 472 µm.
titanium aluminides, TiAl, heat treatment, grain refinement, phase transformation, microstructure
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