|The effect of creep exposure on microstructure stability and tensile properties of single crystal nickel based superalloy CMSX-4|
LAPIN, J., PELACHOVÁ, T., GEBURA, M.
vol. 50 (2012), no. 6, pp. 379 - 386
The effect of creep exposure on microstructure stability and tensile properties of single crystal nickel-based superalloy CMSX-4 was studied. The single crystal samples with  crystallographic orientation were prepared by directional solidification in a Bridgman type of furnace. The creep exposure at 950 °C, applied stresses ranging from 60 to 230 MPa for various time up to 2000 h leads to the degradation of initial cuboidal γ/γ′ microstructure Coarsening of cuboidal γ′ (Ni3(Al,Ti)) precipitates, formation of transient microstructure consisting of coarsened γ′ precipitates and rafts and finally development of well rafted γ/γ′ microstructure is observed in the crept specimens. The width of the γ′ rafts decreases and their length increases with increasing applied stress and creep time. The width of the γ (Ni-based solid solution) channels increases with increasing applied stress and creep time. The creep rafting decreases the offset yield stress and ultimate tensile strength in the temperature from 20 to 950 °C when compared to those of the heat treated specimens with cuboidal γ/γ′ microstructure. On the other hand, creep rafting increases significantly room and high temperature ductility of the studied alloy. The creep fracture surfaces exhibit palisade morphology formed by propagation of cracks along (001) crystallographic planes in directions perpendicular and parallel to loading direction.
nickel alloys, single crystal superalloy, creep, microstructure, mechanical properties
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